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National Building Code for Residential Apartments in India

Comments(103) Sub Category:Property,Property Buying Posted On: Dec 17, 2009

National Building code is a document containing standardized requirement for the design & construction of most types of apartments in India. Although codes may sometimes seem fussy, they are the result of years of experience and testing. Building codes exist to protect the public’s health, safety and welfare. National Building Codes (NBC) regulate building construction & building use in order to protect the health, safety & welfare of the occupant. You must always take the correct precautionary measures to assure the safety of your family members.

National Building Code

National Building code is a document containing standardized requirement for the design & construction of most types of building in the country. The Code was first published in 1970 at the instance of Planning Commission and then revised in 1983. Thereafter three major amendments were issued, two in 1987 and the third in 1997. Considering a series of further developments in the field of building construction including the lessons learnt in the aftermath of number of natural calamities. As a culmination of the Project, the revised NBC has now been brought out as National Building Code of India 2005 (NBC 2005). The NBC 2005, formulated by the Bureau of Indian Standards, spells out new regulations for adoption by infrastructure departments, municipal administrators, public bodies and private agencies. It contains mainly administrative regulations, development control rules and general building requirements, fire safety requirements, stipulations on use of materials, structural design and construction and building and plumbing services.

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General Building Requirements

The National Building Code (NBC) is now a national instrument that will guide the regulations for construction activity. It contains all the important aspects relevant for safe and orderly building development. The building that does not satisfy building code or violation of National building code will lead to penalty, cancellation of sanction or demolition of the building.

Lift shall be provided in all building: In case of Building having height more than 13.0 Mts. lift shall be provided. Lift shall be provided from ground floor and shall have minimum capacity of six persons. On the basis of detailed calculations based on the relevant provisions of National Building Code the number of lifts can be varied.

Fire Safety or Fire Protection: In the case of apartment buildings exceeding three storeys above ground level, a certificate of approval from the Director of Fire Force or an officer authorized by him shall be obtained before issue of the building permit. All other requirements in respect of fire protection shall conform to part IV, Fire Protection National Building Code of India. Every floor of a flat, apartment or residential accommodation exceeding 150 sq. meters of floor area with a capacity for accommodating more than 20 persons shall have at least 2 door ways as remote as practicable from each other. At least one stair-case shall be provided as a fire staircase as defined in the National Building Code. This shall not be applicable if any two sides of a staircase are kept totally open to external open air space. The detailed plan showing the arrangement of pipe lines, booster pumps and water-tanks at various levels shall be submitted for approval of the concerned authority along with the plans and sections of the buildings. Every building having a height of more than 25 Mts. shall be provided with diesel generators which can be utilized in case of failure of the electricity.

Foundation & Structural design: All materials and workmanship shall be of good quality conforming generally to accepted standards of Bureau of Indian Standard specification & codes as included in National Building Code of India. All materials and workmanship shall be of good quality conforming generally to accepted standards of Bureau of Indian Standard specification & codes as included in National Building Code of India. No building or part of a building shall be constructed or reconstructed or no addition or alteration shall be made to any existing building in the intervening spaces between the building and any overhead electric supply line. The height of the handrail in the staircase shall not be less than 90 cms and if balusters are provided, no gap in the balusters shall be more than 10 cms wide. Every slab or balcony overlooking any exterior or interior open space which are 2 meters or more below shall be provided with parapet walls or guard rails of height not less than 1.20 meters and such guard rails shall be firmly fixed to the walls.

Plumbing Services: A plumbing or sanitation code is a set of rules and regulations imposed by cities or counties. Anyone doing work on drinking water and sewer or toilet facilities systems are responsible to make the work in a specific, safe manner to avoid accidents and spread of disease. Water conservation and the health aspects of plumbing have become important in the construction sector now. The National Building Code offers only guidelines for construction. Plumbing has to be attuned to the general design of the building. Many technical aspects such as water pressure, venting and concepts of wet and dry areas in toilets have to be looked into in any structure. Recently, the International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials (IAPMO) developed a Plumbing Code for India. The Indian Plumbing Association (IPA), country’s apex body of plumbing professionals, has launched ‘Uniform Plumbing Code’ (UPC).The World Plumbing Council’s uniform plumbing code was mended as per Indian needs and created the code for India.

Lightning Protection: Locations, surrounded partially or fully by unbroken metallic surfaces or nets do not allow lightning to penetrate to the interior and hence a person is safe inside. Lightning prefers to strike the tallest of all objects in the location of strike. Also it prefers metal objects. The larger the metal more is the preference. Avoid using metallic pipes to fix lamps on terrace of buildings. Also for drying clothes on the terrace, iron poles with metallic or plastic wires are used. The Lightning Conductor which is also known as Lightning Rod or Air Terminal is one of the best known forms of shielding device and has been in use in protecting buildings and facilities where protection is mandatory. The protective value of Inside buildings is better when at least some unbroken vertical metallic conductors exist, such as rain gutters with down-pipes, water mains, rails for elevators, vertical metal strips, steel braces or reinforcement, electrical installations and wires, etc. Electrical and electronic equipments can be protected to a considerable extent from damage by installing a Lightning Arrestor.

Building Services: The planning, design and installation of electrical installations, air-conditioning and heating work shall be carried out in accordance with part VIII Building Service Section 2 – Electrical installations, Section 3 Air conditioning and Heating of National Building Code of India. The planning, design including the number of lifts, type of lifts, capacity of lifts, depending on occupancy of building, population on each floor and height of building.

Other Building Requirements

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As a property owner you can choose your designs, products or building methods, as long as your building consent application demonstrates that your proposal meets National Building Code requirements. National Building Code regulates building construction & building use in order to protect the health, safety & welfare of the occupant. In order to learn which codes are being used and how they will affect you and your construction project, contact your local building inspection department, developers and concerned Authorities. Other building requirements are as follows.

  • Every room that intended for human habitation shall abut on an interior or exterior open space or to a verandah open to such interior or exterior open space.
  • Every interior, exterior or air space, unless the later is a street, shall be maintained for the benefit of such building exclusively and shall be entirely within the owner’s own premises.
  • Every person who intends to erect, re-erect or make alternation in any place in a building or demolish any building shall give notice in writing to the concerned Authority of his intention in the prescribed form and such notice shall be accompanied by plans and statements in sufficient copies.
  • No Objection Certificate (NOC) from Fire Service, Pollution Control Board, Electrical safety department, Water Supply and Sewage Department and other concerned department.
  • No land shall be used as a site for the construction of building if the Competent Authority considers that the site is unsanitary or that it is dangerous to construct a building on it.
  • Building should be safe for occupant and it is important to inspect when your site is getting marked for dimensions. Inspect construction after every two feet progress.

The building will be inspected by concern authorities and you will get completion certificate for your apartment or building. Issuing of Completion Certificate will ensure that the owner has constructed the building as per approved plan. Without the occupancy certificate, it is difficult to get the electricity, water and sanitary connection. The NBC 2005, formulated by the Bureau of Indian Standards, spells out new regulations for adoption by infrastructure departments, municipal administrators, public bodies and private agencies.

Rain water harvesting system and solar water heater are mandatory for newly constructed building in some states. National Building Code will soon be updated with energy saving methods in construction methods. In order to learn which codes are being used and how they will affect you, contact developers and concerned Authorities in your locality for construction of building or apartment. Deviation from approved plan or violation of National Building Code (NBC) will lead to charge penalty, cancellation of approvals or demolition of property.

 

103 Responses to “National Building Code for Residential Apartments in India”

  1. Skm says:

    According to National building code, what is the definition of Carpet Area?  Does the carpet area includes open balconies and cupboard areas also?

  2. Ar. Abu says:

    hi everybody…..
    i need national building codes of India (latest)….
    is there any website or link that it can be download easily????

  3. Lora Aroy says:

    As a property owner you can choose your designs, products or building
    methods, as long as your building consent application demonstrates that
    your proposal meets National Building Code requirements. 

  4. Prabhakar_asdf says:

    Iam planning to buy a 22 yrs old appratement in 1st floor and the grond floor is built 44 yrs ago .
    My question is how many more years will the appartemet considered habitable ?
    who can help me estimate this life time of this appartement in bangalore ?

  5. Its nice to follow such code for safety of life. Such code is beneficial for constructing the home in those areas where climate can cause a serious damage to home like home in high humidity areas.

  6. Jojaf says:

    This is a nice content.Property is one of the most valuable assets for an individual.This is a great article.I like this one.This is an amazing.I am very impressed to this content.Thanks to share this blog with us.Keep it up.I will keep share in future.

  7. mickyhassy says:

    National Building code is a document containing standardized requirement
    for the design & construction of most types of building in the
    country and out side the country is also same as per rule and regulations . So that which binds our back from doing wrong. Everything  is depending upon the our development area .This  Scenario has a great competition in each other city.

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  9. SHRIKANT says:

    I want to know Standerdised building By-Laws & Development Control Rules of all STATES Mahanagarpalica,A-Class,B-Class Muncipal Councils in INDIA.

  10. SHRIKANT says:

    I want to know Standerdised building By-Laws & Development Control Rules of all STATES Mahanagarpalica,A-Class,B-Class Muncipal Councils in INDIA.

    Reply

  11. MiguesLacombe says:

    I have read some good stuff here. Definitely value bookmarking for revisiting. I wonder how so much attempt you put to make the sort of magnificent informative site.

  12. Satish S.Nanal says:

    Please specify Norms for Installation of Lightning Arrestors to be followed for 5 Floor / 7 Floor Bldgs in Pune.

  13. tracy says:

    I am glad I found this article because i been surfing for something like this. Thanks.

  14. Schimizzi Puffinberger says:

    Nice post. Very useful info :) Thanks and good luck.

  15. ramesh says:

    Can we keep huge UPS with battery bank (300+) in the basement, which has single entrance.

    What are the guidelines for that ?

  16. T. Srinivas Rao says:

    Sir, Recently I have purchased a flat in 3rd floor in a small town in Andhra Pradesh. As per original plan one of the bedroom’s wall is along the corridor, with a window.

    I want to replace the window with a door, door opening to inside of apartment, for my convenience. (With this modification I will have extra door to enter into my flat without disturbing anybody)

    Do I have right to modify as per apartment rules?

    Regards
    TSR

  17. Ciera Calo says:

    The architecture around that used car lot would lead me to believe that it definitely was not in Miami. At least Miami, FL

  18. K Murthy says:

    What is the penalty to the builder and compensation to the purchaser in addition to the amount of invested by him under the National Building Code where the builder constructs a toilet block in the common area adjoining/ near his flat which is not in the approved plan?

  19. vani says:

    I want to know to complete the five story residential appartment (time required) and same as eight story

  20. DEEPAK SAWANT says:

    I WANT TO KNOW WHAT SHOULD BE THE CLEAR HEIGHT & WIDTH OF THE ENTRANCE CANOPY FOR ANY COMPLEX OR BUSINESS PARK AS PER NATIONAL BUILDING CODE AND FIRE BRIGADE DEPARTMENT.

  21. Mackowiak says:

    Excellent job on the post and site.

  22. Anurag says:

    i want to know about Lift core wall design for G+8 Building,Is it specified in NBC-2010?

  23. Altha Taghon says:

    I leave a response each time I like a article on a website or if I have something to valuable to contribute to the conversation. Usually it is a result of the fire communicated in the article I browsed. And after this article National Building Code for Residential Apartments in India.

  24. jbbttmmeew says:

    Hi there, I found your website via Google whilst searching for a similar topic, your site got here up, it appears great. I’ve bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

  25. shalini says:

    Informative Blog for Builders..!!

    Thanks for sharing

  26. Rajesh Ranjan says:

    Pl guide use of safety net norm as per safety code in India.
    What is the criteria of height from ground level at which safety net should be provided?

  27. Kavya K says:

    This article has inspired me to continue working on my own blog

  28. DRD says:

    I have recntly purchased one flat in Nashik from reputed construction firm. This firm is having ISO certification and OHSAS certification also. I want to know what is the minimum balcony railing height as per the standards. Builder has given 850 mm. Physically it is found unsafe. Please give me the details as per the construction standards.

  29. MADHUKAR PAWAR says:

    NBC GIVES RAILING HT FOR STAIRCASE AS 1000 MM. THIS SHOULD BE SUFFICIENT. LEANING OUT OVER THE BAR OF THIS RAILING, IS NOT LIKELY TO CAUSE IMBALANCE FOR A NORMAL HEIGHTED PERSON TO FALL DOWN FROM BALCONY.
    850 MM IS DEFINATELY INSECURE. YOU MAY SEND WRITTEN COMPLAINT TO CONSTRUCTION FIRM AS ISO AUDITORS LOOK FOR CUSTOMER COMPLAINTS.

  30. ashok manhar says:

    Govt. Of m.p. Not following NBC 2005 regarding competence of building professionals, they have curtailed the rights of engineers .
    Is NBC 2005 is compulsive to state government???
    Or could we challenge in court ???

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  34. rangaraj k says:

    full detail of building

  35. Gopi says:

    What are the requirements for getting
    A occupancy certificate for a multistory
    Building of 22 floors 72 mt height

  36. Gopi says:

    Requirements for high rise building
    Occpancy certificate

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  39. Shreeyash Deshpande says:

    I am staying in B Building of this project & the builder is constructing C building closely attached to the wall of one side of our building. (It has already caused damage to the wall of one of the flat holders). It has a lift duct attached to our bed-room walls which may cause to us problems like loss of sleep, mental disorders, etc due to continuous noise of moving lift up & down.

    Secondly, builder has kept very short duct from our kitchens/dining rooms side which is affecting our access to light & air & increasing darkness in our flats.

    Thirdly, it seems that he is planning a commercial complex in the C Building (if it is restaurant on the 1st floor), it is very unsafe if any case of fire due to any reason like blasts of gas cylinders, happens due to very short duct &very short/no space for fire brigade.

    The C building is a proposed students’ hostel & already we are frustrated by the nuisance of students already staying here in our society on rental basis. (One case of suicide by a student is already happened.)

    The main issue is builder has not taken permission from us/our society as he has started C building construction after our B building society has formed.(4 Slabs are already completed).

    The main important aspect of our project is builder has got Rain Water Harvesting completion certificate for our B building whereas we are not able to see the same anywhere.Now the question arises even after not having compiled Rain Water Harvesting project, how builder has got sanction for his further constructions?

    I hereby request you to please look into this matter and kindly assist us.

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