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Know How to Calculate EMI (Equated Monthly Installments)

Comments(8) Sub Category:Home loan,Property,Property Buying,Real Estate Posted On: Apr 30, 2012

When a person takes loan from a bank to buy a house for a fixed tenure, he has to pay EMI (Equated Monthly Installments). EMI is the term used for the monthly payment made by a borrower to the lender towards interest and principal money borrowed.

EMI amount depends on the following factors:

Amount of Loan:  Home loan EMI depends primarily on the amount of loan you have taken. With an increase in the loan amount, the EMI to be paid also increases.

Tenure of the Loan: Next most important factor is the time for which you have taken the loan. The EMI decreases with the increase in the tenure of the loan. But one should understand the increase in tenure means that you will have to pay more interest to the bank. Since you will be having an outstanding amount against you for a longer time you will have to pay some extra for taking more time. EMI increases with the shorter tenure; in this case one should do the budgeting properly and make sure that the EMI can be paid on time.

Complete your Loan as Soon as Possible: For a longer tenure of loan one has to pay more interest, so one should plan prudently and pay back the loan as soon as possible.

Fluctuation in Interest Rates: Interest rate is a floating parameter. It keeps changing with Inflation and changing policies of the government. One has to pay the EMI according to the prevailing interest rates. RBI has recently cut repo rate by 50 bases. Many banks have already reduced the interest rates accordingly, in this case the buyer will have to pay the EMIs on the reduced rates and this will make a significant difference. We have a formula to calculate the EMI manually. The formula involves the loan amount, interest rate and tenure of the loan (in months) as variables:   EMI (Equated Monthly Instalments) Know How to Calculate EMIM = Loan period in months I   = (Interest rate per Annum / 12) / 100 L  = Loan amount ^   = To the power   Let’s try to understand it using an example. Suppose Ram has borrowed Rs. 5 lakhs from a bank on the interest rate of 12 per cent for 10 years. Do in this case: M (Loan period in months)        : No of Years  X  12 = 10 X 12 = 120 I (Interest rate per Annum / 12)  : ( 12/100) / 12         = .01 L (Loan amount)                        : Rs. 5 ,00,000     EMI (Equated Monthly Instalments) So, in the example discussed above:

  • EMI that Ram has to pay is Rs. 7147
  • Total payment made by Ram to the bank in 10 years (EMI X Total tenure in months (7174 X 120) is Rs 8,60,880
  • The total interest rate payable will be (Total payment – loan amount) Rs. 3,60,88

Also Read: Home Loan Tips Home Loan Protection Plan to Protect Your Home Loan Home Loan Explained  


8 Responses to “Know How to Calculate EMI (Equated Monthly Installments)”

  1. Saravanan says:

    Nicely written article. It is very simple and easy to understand. :-)

    Keep writing such articles.. :-)

  2. Arundhati says:

    Informative article!! Thanks for sharing..

  3. Harish says:

    This article contains some useful information.. Surely it is going to help a lot for the people who have availed a loan of any type..

  4. Jayanth Verma says:

    All the factors, the formulae, examples are so nicely explained.. Thanks for sharing such posts.. Waiting for more of such topics..

  5. Ankur Shinde says:

    Great write up! With the examples and illustrations, it has become more easy to understand.. Thanks :)

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